Estimate: US$25,000,000 - US$35,000,000
Price realised: US$25,565,000
7 Gerhard Richter Dϋsenjäger signed, titled, inscribed and dated "DÜSENJÄGER (WV-Nr. 13a) Richter 1963" on the reverse oil on canvas 51 1/8 x 78 3/4 in. (130 x 200 cm.) Painted in 1963.
Provenance Collection of the artist Collection of Günther Uecker Dusseldorf Private Collection, Dusseldorf Galerie Schmela, Dusseldorf Galerie Hans Strelow, Dusseldorf/Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Cologne Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York Collection of Susan and Lewis Manilow, Chicago Christie's, New York, November 13, 2007, lot 16 Acquired at the above sale by the present owner Exhibited San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Public Information: Desire, Disaster, Document, January 18 - April 30, 1995, p. 91 (illustrated) The Art Institute of Chicago, Gerhard Richter Forty Years of Painting, June 22 - September 8, 2002 Literature Wolkenkratzer Art Journal, December - February 1984-1985, p. 84 (illustrated) L'art aujourd'hui en République Fédérale d'Allemagne, Bonn, 1988, p. 27 (illustrated) Kunst-und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ed., Gerhard Richter Werkübersicht/Catalogue Raisonné, Volume III, 1962-1993, Bonn, 1993, no. 13a (illustrated) Daniel Schuster, "Wie krisensicher ist Kunst?", in Artinvestor, June 2007, pp. 32-33 (illustrated) DER SPIEGEL, October 22, 2007, p. 184 (illustrated) Isabel Fechter, "Richter's Dϋsenjäger", in Weltkunst, December 2007, p. 130 (illustrated) Art Collection + Design, December 2007, p. 37 (illustrated) Claudia Bodin, "Ein Herz fϋr Dϋsenjäger", in art. Das Kunstmagazin, January 2008, p. 116 (illustrated) Manager Magazin, November 2008, p. 194-195 (illustrated) Arte, December 2008, p. 116 (illustrated) Identity Foundation, ed., Deutsche Identität Denken, Dusseldorf, 2009, n.p. (illustrated) Robert Storr, September, London, 2010, p. 63 (illustrated) Dietmar Elger, Gerhard Richter Catalogue Raisonné, Volume 1, 1962-1968, Ostfildern, 2011, cat. no. 13a, p. 71 (illustrated) Video Capitalist Realism and Gerhard Richter’s 'Dusenjäger’, 1963 "These objects spoke to progress and modernity while at the same time are obviously objects of death and destruction." Worldwide Co-Head of 20th Century and Contemporary Art Jean-Paul-Engelen on the incredible dualities and historic significance of Gerhard Richter’s ‘Dusenjäger’, created in 1963 as part of the Capitalist Realist movement, Germany’s answer to Pop Art. The work ultimately set the tone for Richter’s illustrious career that followed. Catalogue Essay "For the first time in Germany, we are showing paintings for which such terms as Pop Art, Junk Culture, Imperialist or Capitalist Realism, New Objectivity, Naturalism, German Pop and the like are appropriate. Pop Art recognizes the modern mass media as a genuine cultural phenomenon and turns their attributes, formulations and content, through artifice, into art. It thus fundamentally changes the face of modern painting and inaugurates an aesthetic revolution. Pop Art has rendered conventional painting - with all its sterility, its isolation, its artificiality, its taboos and its rules - entirely obsolete." (Richter, "Letter to a newsreel company," April 29, 1963, quoted in Gerhard Richter The Daily Practice of Painting. Writings and Interviews 1962-1993, ed. Hans-Ulrich Obrist, London, 1995, p. 16) Gerhard Richter’s Düsenjäger dates from 1963, the most important juncture in his career, when he had begun to create the Photo Paintings that were to garner such recognition. This picture dates from the very inception of Pop Art, and reveals both the similarities and differences between its incarnations on each side of the Atlantic. With its muted tones and political undertones, this is the embodiment of ‘Capitalist Realism,’ the German Pop Art movement founded at precisely this time by Gerhard Richter Sigmar Polke and Konrad Lueg (who later became known as the gallerist Konrad Fischer). Looking at the official list of Richter’s paintings, which he began only the previous year, the importance of Düsenjäger becomes all the more apparent: it is listed as number ’13-a,’ one of the earliest of his recognised works. In addition, Düsenjäger is part of a small and celebrated group of pictures of warpl
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